History: Trace aspects of America



Trace aspects of America's war efforts on the home front and discuss manpower, gender roles, and financing US participation in WWII.


    When The United States declared war after the Pearl Harbor attack, the nation was unprepared to wage a world war .However, American’s efforts on the home front was one of the key’s element to victory.

    The financing of WWII needed a transformation in the nation’s social and economic life. The economic transformation started by the conversion of industrial manufacturing to war production. This mass production permitted to surpass the enemy on equipment and power. To cover the war huge cost, Congress passed the revenue act of 1942. The act raised tax rates and increased the number of taxpayers. While tax revenues permitted to cover 45 percent of military costs, the government borrowed to cover the rest. The social transformation consisted mainly on the gender roles. With more than 16 million men drafted, a shortage of civilian workers allowed more women to enter the workforce. Over 6 million women entered the work force during the war and allowed new tax revenues for the government. Finally, thousands of American women served in the women’s army corps, navy, coastal guards, and the army air force and in the volunteer emergency service.

    The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor unlashed an unprecedented mobilization of America’s human, economic and military resources to gain the war.